The pistillate spikes persist [13], Cross section of plant's pseudostem, formed of overlapping leaf bases, Species of flowering plant in the family Typhaceae, "Typha latifolia, U.S. Forest Service Fire Effects Information Database", "Typha latifolia (Typhaceae) Species description or overview", YouTube - Wild Living with Sunny: episode 4,, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 September 2020, at 04:06. The flower of Common Cattail. � glauca (Hybrid Cattail). [5] In Canada, broadleaf cattail occurs in all provinces and also in the Yukon and Northwest Territories, and in the United States, it is native to all states except Hawaii. are up to 7�' long and 1" across. Typha latifolia Under such conditions the plant may be considered invasive, since it interferes with preservation of the salt marsh habitat.[9]. Typha latifolia (broadleaf cattail, bulrush, common bulrush, common cattail, cat-o'-nine-tails, great reedmace, cooper's reed, cumbungi) is a perennial herbaceous plant in the genus Typha. Blackbird, Common Moorhen, American Coot, various rails, and bitterns. The In nature, it can be found in the fresh waters of ponds, lakes, and marshes, including tidal freshwater marshes. less disturbed. The young flower spikes, young shoots, and sprouts at the end of the rootstocks are edible as well. The Redwing blackbirds, ducks, and geese make nests in dense stands of cattails. greyish blue leaves that span over �" across. This Cattails are a common plant in many Ohio ponds. Grasp a cattail at the base of the plant, trying to wrap your fingers around the roots. Habitat: Wet ground or shallow water with a muddy bottom, from low to middle elevations Bloom time: Summer into … Grows to 3 feet or taller along shorelines of marshes, lakeshores, river backwaters, and road ditches 2. often one of the dominant plants. Common cattails grow mainly in fresh water, while narrow-leaved cattails range into brackish waters. water up to 1�' deep. phragmitella (Shy Cosmet), and Simyra insularis Common Cattail is aptly named - it is very common, and almost everyone can recognize the tall straight leaves in marshes. flowering stalk, the leaves are erect to slightly spreading; they Range: Found in every state in the United States. Cattails offer more than a scenic backdrop; they create an important wildlife habitat, providing food for small mammals and cover for water birds. Description: field. Can establish growth in disturbed areas and tolerates brackish water Broad-leaved Cattail (Typha latifolia): 1. Small changes make a big difference. Habitat: Marshes, swamps, river borders, ponds and ditches. Cattails are commonly used as cover and feeding areas for popular gamefish such as largemouth bass, crappie, and various sunfish species. Pros and Cons of Cattail The rhizomes and lower leaf portions of cattails are consumed by nutria, muskrats, and geese. It is edible, medicinal and can be used in survival situations. The stems of the cattail are spongy when pressed between the fingers. Cattail normally grows in freshwater, forming dense colonies where salinities are very low, if any at all, but can be found in marshes where salinities reach 3.5 ppt. The staminate and The pistillate spike is is up to Cattails can also occur along the shores of lakes, ponds and streams (Grace 1987). Weed of the Week Narrow-leaved Cattail Typha angustifolia L. Common Names: cattail, narrow-leaved cattail, narrow-leaf cattail, narrowleaved cattail Native Origin: Eurasia Description: An erect aquatic freshwater perennial in the cat-tail family (Typhaceae) growing 3 to 6 feet tall.Long linear leaves emerge in spring. green, glabrous, stiff, and round in cross-section (terete). �" across and they are less than 1' in length. The caterpillars of various moths feed on cattails (either the leaves, It is one of the most . spike of staminate flowers and a spike of pistillate flowers. Habitats include marshes, swamps, seeps, borders of rivers By producing an abundance of wind-dispersed seeds, cattail can colonize wetlands across great distances, and its rapid growth rate, large size, and aggressive expansion results in dense stands in a variety of aquatic ecosystems such as marshes, ponds, lakes, and riparian areas. After the pollen is released, the degraded habitats, although it also occurs in natural habitats that are perennial plant is about 4-9' tall and unbranched, consisting of These moths include Bellura Typha latifolia has developed many ways to succeed in the wetland habitat. (Henry's Marsh Moth). Grows in water 1 to 4 feet deep 3. spreads aggressively. Some emergent stands in the Blitzen Valley (i.e., common cattail) have expanded and encroached into adjacent wet meadow and open water areas in the past decade, reducing habitat values for some nesting birds. Dense stands of cattails provide cover for many wetland